Develop Windows MSI on Linux Using Python/Docker/ Wine

Representative Docker Model
FROM ubuntu:20.04

ENV DEBIAN_FRONTEND noninteractive

ARG WINE_VERSION=winehq-stable
ARG PYTHON_VERSION=3.8.10

# we need wine for this all to work, so we'll use the PPA
RUN set -x \
&& dpkg --add-architecture i386 \
&& apt-get update -qy \
&& apt-get install --no-install-recommends -qfy apt-transport-https software-properties-common wget gpg-agent rename \
&& wget -nv https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/winehq.key \
&& apt-key add winehq.key \
&& add-apt-repository 'https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/' \
&& apt-get update -qy \
&& apt-get install --no-install-recommends -qfy $WINE_VERSION winbind cabextract \
&& apt-get clean \
&& wget -nv https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Winetricks/winetricks/master/src/winetricks \
&& chmod +x winetricks \
&& mv winetricks /usr/local/bin

# wine settings
ENV WINEARCH win64
ENV WINEDEBUG fixme-all
ENV WINEPREFIX /wine

ENV PYPI_URL=https://pypi.python.org/
ENV PYPI_INDEX_URL=https://pypi.python.org/simple

RUN wine --version
RUN wine64 --version
RUN set -x \
&& winetricks win10


RUN set -x \
&& for msifile in `echo core dev exe lib path pip tcltk tools`; do \
wget -nv "https://www.python.org/ftp/python/$PYTHON_VERSION/amd64/${msifile}.msi"; \
wine64 msiexec /i "${msifile}.msi" /qb TARGETDIR=C:/Python38; \
rm ${msifile}.msi; \
done \
&& cd /wine/drive_c/Python38 \
&& echo 'wine '\''C:\Python38\python.exe'\'' "$@"' > /usr/bin/python \
&& echo 'wine '\''C:\Python38\Scripts\easy_install.exe'\'' "$@"' > /usr/bin/easy_install \
&& echo 'wine '\''C:\Python38\Scripts\pip.exe'\'' "$@"' > /usr/bin/pip \
&& echo 'wine '\''C:\Python38\Scripts\pyinstaller.exe'\'' "$@"' > /usr/bin/pyinstaller \
&& echo 'wine '\''C:\Python38\Scripts\pyupdater.exe'\'' "$@"' > /usr/bin/pyupdater \
&& echo 'assoc .py=PythonScript' | wine cmd \
&& echo 'ftype PythonScript=c:\Python38\python.exe "%1" %*' | wine cmd \
&& while pgrep wineserver >/dev/null; do echo "Waiting for wineserver"; sleep 1; done \
&& chmod +x /usr/bin/python /usr/bin/easy_install /usr/bin/pip /usr/bin/pyinstaller /usr/bin/pyupdater \
&& rm -rf /tmp/.wine-*

ENV W_DRIVE_C=/wine/drive_c
ENV W_WINDIR_UNIX="$W_DRIVE_C/windows"
ENV W_SYSTEM64_DLLS="$W_WINDIR_UNIX/system32"
ENV W_TMP="$W_DRIVE_C/windows/temp/_$0"

#wheel
RUN python -m pip install --upgrade wheel

# upgrade pip
RUN wine /wine/drive_c/Python38/python.exe -m pip install --upgrade pip

RUN pip --version
RUN python --version

# install Microsoft Visual C++ Redistributable for Visual Studio 2017 dll files
RUN set -x \
&& rm -f "$W_TMP"/* \
&& wget -P "$W_TMP" https://download.visualstudio.microsoft.com/download/pr/11100230/15ccb3f02745c7b206ad10373cbca89b/VC_redist.x64.exe \
&& cabextract -q --directory="$W_TMP" "$W_TMP"/VC_redist.x64.exe \
&& cabextract -q --directory="$W_TMP" "$W_TMP/a10" \
&& cabextract -q --directory="$W_TMP" "$W_TMP/a11" \
&& cd "$W_TMP" \
&& rename 's/_/\-/g' *.dll \
&& cp "$W_TMP"/*.dll "$W_SYSTEM64_DLLS"/
We are waiting …. here 15 to 20 min
FROM pywin-demo

WORKDIR /app
COPY . .
RUN chmod 777 -R .

RUN apt-get update -y
RUN python -m pip install --upgrade pip pywin32 cx_Freeze==6.8 importlib-metadata==4.8.1 setuptools==60.6.0

CMD python setup.py bdist --format=msi && mv dist/*Demo*.msi dist/DemoPywin.msi
import argparse

if __name__ == '__main__':
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description='Demo Application')
parser.add_argument("-n", "--name-val", help='This will be printed on console', default='default')
args, unknown = parser.parse_known_args()
if unknown:
print('Invalid command args')
if args:
print(f' Args passed is {args.name_val}')
from cx_Freeze import setup, Executable

setup(name="DemoPywin",
version="0.0.1",
description="Demo Application",
executables=[Executable("main.py", shortcut_name="Demo",
shortcut_dir="DesktopFolder", )],
)

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